Hippocrates is the father of scientific medicine and surgery

  • Authors: Bocharova O.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Voronezh State University named after N.N. Burdenko
  • Pages: 24-26
  • URL: https://www.new.vestnik-surgery.com/index.php/2415-7805/article/view/8645

Cite item


A lot can be said about the great Hippocrates: for example, that he is the first doctor who rejected the theory that diseases are sent by the gods, that it is thanks to him that the Hippocratic oath is used to this day, just as medicine, singled out as a separate science, is also his merit. Many expressions of Hippocrates did not remain in the past, today they are often used and called "winged". Hippocrates left behind the terms that are also used in medicine. Adding to all this, the great doctor was left with a memory in the form of writing a novel in his honor and assigned his name to the crater of the moon.

Full Text

Hippocrates is a historical figure. References to the great doctor are found in the works of his contemporaries — Plato and Aristotle Collected in 60 medical treatises. They have had a significant impact on the development of medicine — both practical and scientific. With the name of Hippocrates comes the idea of the high moral ethics of the doctor's behavior. The oath contains principles that suggest what a doctor should be guided by in his practice. The recitation of an oath that has been modified over the centuries. This has become a tradition when receiving a diploma. Hippocrates is an ancient Greek physician and philosopher. There are many moments in his biography that contributed to the development of his talent. Hippocrates studied at the Kos School of Physicians. Her students sought to identify the causes of pathology. To do this, patients were monitored. It was at this time that the great principle of "do no harm" was formed It was Hippocrates who became the first doctor who rejected the theory that the gods send diseases to man. Medicine was singled out as a separate science thanks to him. The great doctor believed that the disease could be a consequence of nutrition, habits and any natural factors. Many expressions of Hippocrates have become winged. Despite the fact that they were originally written in the Ionian language, they are often used as a quotation in Latin. Some of the expressions sound like this: One of the most popular phrases is "do no harm", in Latin it sounds like "noli noceri" Another phrase in the form of an aphorism sounded from the mouth of Hippocrates-Time heals-nature heals. A rather ambiguous expression that requires understanding. First of all, it means that the doctor prescribes the treatment, but only nature heals, supporting the vital forces of the patient. Sounds in Latin like “medicus curat, natura sanat” The next phrase sounds like life is short, art is eternal." The meaning of this expression is what is meant by the word art-medicine. - A lifetime is not enough to comprehend the great science of medicine. This is the meaning the author had in his statement In Latin it sounds like "ars longa, vita brevis" "Fire and ball" is a somewhat incomprehensible phrase, but it is explained very simply, it is a simple aphorism with such meaning as "what medicines do not cure, iron will cure. What does not cure iron will cure fire." And the last quote sounds like "the opposite is cured by the opposite" Modern medicine is based on this principle, at the moment the treatment of like-like is called allopathy. Translated into Latin “contraria contrariis curantur” One of the important achievements of Hippocrates was the identification of human temperaments. He believed that human behavior depends on mucus, bile and blood. According to I.P. Pavlov, Hippocrates managed to "catch the capital features of the behavior of y people." At this time, pathology was considered as an eternally progressive phenomenon. According to Hippocrates, the most dangerous stage of the development of the disease was a "crisis" when a person either recovered or died. In medicine, there are terms mentioning the name of Hippocrates, 2.5 thousand years after. Hippocrates' nail is a term meaning a kind of deformation of nails, a more well-known name as "nails in the form of watch glasses" The noise of Hippocrates' splash is the name of the sound heard during hydropneumatorox, that is, with the simultaneous presence of gas and liquid in the pleura. Hippocratic mask-this term has become winged, which means the face of a dying patient. The Hippocratic cap is a headband. Such a bandage is applied using a double-headed bandage, or two separate bandages covering the arch of the skull. Another discovery of Hippocrates was a new description of methods for examining patients. Already during the life of Hippocrates, doctors began to use palpation and percussion. Hippocrates became the most outstanding surgeon of antiquity. In its use, other methods of treating follicles, wounds, fractures and dislocations were used. He also described the rules of conduct during surgery for the surgeon. Special attention was paid to the position of the hands, lighting and tools. When studying the biography of Hippocrates, it is worth knowing that he formulated the moral and ethical standards of a doctor. A medical worker, in his opinion, is obliged to be a humane person and love his work, must be able to inspire confidence, treat his duties responsibly and keep medical secrets. Hippocrates was also remembered: In 1970, the International Astronomical Union named a crater on the far side of the moon after Hippocrates. The historical novel by Wilder Penfield, a neurosurgeon from Canada, which is called "torch", is dedicated to the medical practice and life of Hippocrates. The novel was first published in 1960.


About the authors

Olesya Bocharova

Voronezh State University named after N.N. Burdenko

Author for correspondence.
Email: lesabocarova91@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0009-0002-1826-1228


Russian Federation


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