Georgy Fedorovich Sinyakov is an Angel of the Nazi Concentration Camp

  • Authors: Borsyakova V.S.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Voronezh State Medical University name N.N. Burdenko
  • Pages: 20-22
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This article is devoted to the life story of the outstanding surgeon Georgy Fedorovich Sinyakov. The memory from the past will always be relevant. Making its history, medicine develops and grows, improving in its ability, increasing the results of its actions, fulfilling the main task – treating people. By passing on medical traditions that are firmly connected with the understanding of the human personality, they always preserve the important values of the medical profession. Having devoted myself completely, passing on invaluable experience, now there is an opportunity to know and remember brilliant great people. The Great Patriotic War. Hard times accompanied by death, hunger, disease. Times that force people to become strong. Bringing with them not only horror, fear and death, but also a great time of hope and faith. Thousands of people have become heroes. Strong people whose names have gained immortality. Historical memory, whose value is of greater importance than the achievement of victory. For 75 years, a large amount of material has accumulated about the merits of medical workers during the Great Patriotic War. The purpose of the article is to educate the future generation, people who have devoted themselves to the medical field. Description of G.F.Sinyakov's activities and achievements. The materials were publications, interviews with participants of the Great Patriotic War.

Full Text

More than a hero is Georgy Fedorovich Sinyakov - a man fighting for the life of every person, resisting the absolute evil of death and murder, saving people and fulfilling the true duty of a doctor. Preserved faith and honor. G.F. Sinyakov - Soviet surgeon, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Honored Doctor of the RSFSR, participant of the Great Patriotic War, who saved thousands of prisoners in the concentration camp in Kyustrin, being a member of the camp underground, issued documents in the concentration camp hospital for them as deceased and organized escapes.
He was born on April 6, 1903, Petrovskoye village, Voronezh province. In 1928 he graduated from the Medical Faculty of Voronezh State University. On June 23, 1941, he was drafted into the army, worked in medical institutions of the Rostov region. From June to October, he became the leading surgeon of the medical and sanitary battalion of the 171st Infantry Division. On October 5, he was captured near Kiev along with wounded soldiers. He was placed in the camp of Boryspil and Darnitsa. He recalled those days with horror, in the first days of his captivity. Still trying to help the captive girl escape and causing her fleeting death from a bullet. In May 1942, he arrived at the Kustrin International Prisoner of War Camp near Berlin. He was awarded the number 97625.
The Kyustrin camp was built in June 1940. Among Russians, mortality was the highest. More than 12 thousand captives of war were killed. The Germans mocked the prisoners in every possible way and set up experiments. The wounded were not treated, but only forced to work hard until they died. The camp was well guarded.
In Sinyakov's camp, hellish everyday life began. Terrible conditions forced prisoners to constantly die in agony from disease, hunger, cold and bullets. The most terrible thing was the local infirmary, where medical experiments were performed on exhausted people. And not only experiments, in order to increase mortality, a special room was equipped that froze the living bodies of prisoners of war.
The Germans immediately learned that Sinyakov was a medic. He was appointed a surgeon in the infirmary, where he first showed his skills in front of German doctors led by Dr. Koshel, as well as French, English and Yugoslav specialists by performing a stomach resection. It was a test. The Germans were firmly convinced that any of their nurses treated people better than a Russian doctor. They treated him with skepticism and contempt, organizing an entire show. But Sinyakov confidently set to work, showing all his skills, despite his exhausted condition, he made an indelible impression. After that, he was sent to a seriously wounded German officer and set conditions that could not be refused. If Sinyakov successfully operates on an officer and he survives, he will be given permission to treat, but if he refuses or fails the test, he will be shot. German doctors have already expressed hopelessness at this moment, but the Russian doctor coped.
From that moment on, Bruises helped the wounded for days on end. He became the salvation for many prisoners. He performed up to 5 complex operations and 50 dressings daily. He treated pneumonia, pleurisy, ulcers, osteomyelitis. True to the Hippocratic oath, Sinyakov also operated on the Germans, so he saved the son of a Gestapo man who was suffocating from a foreign object that got into the trachea. Bruises did not leave the operating table. The news about the brilliant doctor spread far beyond the confines of the concentration camp. The Germans began to bring their relatives and friends from afar. Over time, they began to trust him, and the doctor could walk around the camp freely. He began to receive reinforced rations, which he shared with the wounded in order to feed more prisoners.
However, Sinyakov did not pursue the favor of his enemies, his goal was to save Soviet prisoners. Georgy Fedorovich was able to organize underground activities. Together with the German translator Helmut Chacher, he helped many prisoners escape. More often, the doctor used imitation of death and making an incorrect diagnosis: he taught patients to pretend to be dead, pronounced death, the “corpse” was taken out with other really dead and dumped into a ditch nearby, where the prisoner “resurrected".
And Bruises also created a medicine that tightened the wounds, although the wounds at the same time looked completely fresh. The surgeon also lubricated the wounds with fish oil. He saved more than 3,000 prisoners of war. He never tired of inventing new methods of rescue, as he also carried out the replacement of camp numbers.
Before the offensive of the Soviet troops, four years later, it was decided to disband the concentration camp. Some of the prisoners were sent to Germany. The rest were divided into two groups. One was sent on foot to the Third Reich through the frozen Oder. The second group was left in the camp and ordered to be shot. With incredible courage, Sinyakov went to the camp leadership for negotiations. In order not to carry out a senseless death sentence. It was a genuine victory. The Germans left, and they stayed alive. Soviet tanks soon arrived. A field hospital was organized in the camp. They were saved. In a few days, Bruises operated on more than seventy tankers.
After the war, Georgy Fedorovich worked as the head of the surgical department of the medical unit of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant, taught at the medical Institute. He tried to avoid memories of the past, believing that he was only doing his duty. Unfortunately, he did not have high-profile titles in his life and was not awarded big awards. Only on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory, the public of the Southern Urals remembered the heroic surgeon, whose stand was opened in the Museum of Medicine of the Chelyabinsk hospital. The authorities of the Southern Urals perpetuated the memory and named a street after him, established a prize for medical students named after Georgy Sinyakov. It was also written about him for the first time after the publication of the memoirs of the pilot Anna Egorova. In 1961 he was elected a deputy of the City Council. Georgy Fedorovich died on February 7, 1978 in the city of Chelyabinsk.
Famous survivors. Saved the Soviet soldier of Jewish origin, Ilya Zelmanovich Ehrenburg. He saved from death the famous pilot of the Hero of the Soviet Union Anna Egorova, who was shot down in August 1944 near Warsaw. Attack pilot Nikolai Mayorov with gas gangrene and fighter pilot Alexander Kashirin with gangrene of the feet were also rescued.
His famous published scientific works: “Relaxation of the right half of the diaphragm with protrusion of the liver, simulating echinococcus”; “Observations on the treatment of panaritia by excision of necrotic tissues with a blind suture and penicillin”; “On the technique of heptapody with a lowered liver”.
The angel of the Nazi concentration camp, G.F. Sinyakov is a man with a great soul for posterity, for students of medicine, he will always be an example of a proper doctor.


About the authors

Violetta Sergeevna Borsyakova

Voronezh State Medical University name N.N. Burdenko

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6309-1622
SPIN-code: 9052-9850


Russian Federation, Russia, Voronezh, Studentskaya, 10


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